Power and Energy


The Power and Renewable Energy Sector in the Republic of the Sudan

Power generation in Sudan has to date focused on hydropower and thermal power plants. After a first Master plan for the development of renewable energy in Sudan in 2005, the government commissioned a new master plan to Lahmeyer International in 2011 which is still on-going. The master plan will address regulatory, legal and economic aspects and, for the first time, considers renewable energies for the electricity development plan of Sudan.  The use of renewable energy sources is now a further mainstay for power supply. Sudan is committed to the development of renewable energies given its huge potential for these in country.

Power Consumption in Sudan

Installed Energy Production in Sudan - Hydro and Thermal


Plant Name

Capacity  (installed Gross)

Power Production (at 2011 peak load, 2 August, 2 pm)

HYDRO

MW

MW

Share of Total %

Merowe HPP

1250

868

57%

Roseires HPP

280

91

6%

Sennar HPP

15

9

1%

Jebal Aulia HPP

30

0

0%

Khashem EL Girba HPP

10

4

0.3%

Sub-total Hydro

1,585

972

64%

THERMAL

 

 

 

Khartoum North ST (Units 1-6)

380

185

12%

Garri 1&2 CCGT

360

232

15%

Garri ST

110

110

7%

Khartoum North GT

50

14

1%

Port Sudan

Approx. 30 MW

5

0.3%

Sub-Total Thermal

890

546

36%

TOTAL

2,515

1,518

100%

 Source: Lahmeyer International, Renewable Energy Master Planning Examples Egypt and Sudan, 3rd Arab-German Energy Forum, 11th - 12th October 2012, Berlin, Germany
Renewable Energies Potential in Sudan
Solar Energy

  • Average solar insolation in the country is roughly 6.1 kWh/m2/day, indicating a high potential for  solar energy use.
  • Total potentials over the course of a year have been estimated at 10.1 GJ/m2.
  • A recent Global Environmental Facility (GEF), UNDP-funded project, utilized PV to electrify 13 rural and peri-urban communities, with some 45,000 households in the country now using PV systems.

Wind Energy

  • Average Wind speeds are estimated at 3-6 m/s; higher speeds have been recorded along the Red Sea coast.
  • Average wind density in Sudan is estimated at 400 W/m2.
  • Wind energy in Sudan is currently used for pumping water from both deep and shallow wells to provide drinking water and irrigation through the use of wind pumps.
  • A Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) was signed in 2010 with the Dubai-based Omene Energy for the construction of 500 MW of wind power capacity along the Red Sea coast in Sudan, in blocks of 100 MW, to be operated under an IPP structure.
  • Sudan's the Ministry of Electricity and Dams of Sudan (MED) intends to develop renewable energy power projects in order to promote sustainable development. In the initial stage, MED has foreseen to focus on wind energy projects and awarded a contract to Lahmeyer International (LI) as consultant for the development of the first three wind farms: Nyala, located in Darfour state in western Sudan, capacity: 20 MW; Dongola, located in the north of Sudan, where LI performed on-site wind measurements in 2001 and 2002, capacity: 100 MW; Red Sea Cost, capacity: 180 MW

Biomass Energy

  • There is a vibrant co-generation industry in Sudan, with installed capacity estimated at 55.5 MW in sugar factories, mainly for own use.
  • There are plans to further expand co-generation in sugar production with more advanced plant equipment. In addition, plans are currently being developed to use an agricultural pest, the Mesquite shrub, for household energy production.
  • An estimated 41.4 million hectares of forest resources are present in Sudan, with an allowable cut of approximately 15.1 million cubic meters.
    In addition, significant potential exists for the utilization of agricultural residues, particularly crop residues and animal waste.
  • Also, the government plans to add significant bioethanol and biodiesel production capacity in the coming years, in the region of 60 million liters/year and 50 million liters/year respectively.

Geothermal Energy

  • Geothermal potential is estimated at 400 MW of power generation capacity.
  • Potential geothermal fields have been identified near the Jabel Marra volcano, the Tagbo and Meidob hills, the Bayud volcanic field and the Red Sea coast.
  • Hot spring temperatures in the Red Sea region range from 56ºC to 85 ºC.
  • Two sites of particular interest in the region are the Suakin-1 and Bashayer-1A wells, which both have temperature gradients of over 70ºC.
  • The country is currently collaborating with KenGen, the Kenyan national utility, to further build capacity and assess potentials in the region.

Hydropower 

  • Total potential for hydropower in the country is estimated at 4,860 MW, with an annual production of 24,132 GWh.
  • Small-hydro also offers a significant potential, with more than 200 suitable sites for in-stream turbines existing.
  • Potential small-hydro capacity in 2009 was estimated at 58.68 MW.
  • Recent capacity additions have included the 1,250 MW Merowe dam, commissioned in 2009.